Estimates of damage from Hurricane Ike and the reported death toll continue to rise far beyond what would be expected from the last Saffir-Simpson Scale reading of “a category 2 hurricane.”
Hurricane Ike’s larger than category 2 impact suggests need to modify Saffir-Simpson Scale hurricane measurement and communication metrics. It is heartbreaking to see and hear the stories of people who wouldn’t evacuate before the areas on the Texas coast because Hurricane Ike was “only a category 2 hurricane”. The reports and pictures from airborne helicopters indicate massive hurricane property damage and, unfortunately, loss of life from Hurricane Ike. I dedicate this post to these victims.
This begs the question, could this loss of life been reduced with better communication of risk to the people in the areas of projected impact, causing them to evacuate?
Places like Galveston, Bolivar, Crystal Beach, Gilchrest, High Island, etc. had lower evacuation rates than during Hurricane Rita. This could have been much, much worse if it hit a more densely populated area. But the loss of any life is undesirable (and potentially is preventable).
A friend of mine who lives on the Gulf Coast has repeatedly suggested to me that there is a need to have “less media hype” and “more factual metrics” when hurricanes approach. As you know I think about metrics a lot in terms of the Internet and business processes and I started thinking about this issue and the implications of it.
The last National Hurricane Center report before Hurricane Ike made landfall in Texas contains the following two paragraphs:
DATA FROM NOAA DOPPLER WEATHER RADARS AND RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT
INDICATE MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS ARE NEAR 110 MPH…175 KM/HR…
WITH HIGHER GUSTS. IKE IS A STRONG CATEGORY TWO HURRICANE ON THE
SAFFIR-SIMPSON SCALE AND COULD REACH THE TEXAS COAST AS A CATEGORY
THREE…MAJOR HURRICANE…JUST BEFORE LANDFALL. STRONGER WINDS…
AS MUCH AS 30 MPH HIGHER THAN AT THE SURFACE…COULD OCCUR ON HIGH
IKE REMAINS A VERY LARGE HURRICANE AND HURRICANE FORCE WINDS EXTEND
OUTWARD UP TO 120 MILES…195 KM…FROM THE CENTER…AND TROPICAL
STORM FORCE WINDS EXTEND OUTWARD UP TO 275 MILES…445 KM. DURING
THE PAST HOUR…HURRICANE FORCE WIND GUSTS HAVE BEEN REPORTED ON
GALVESTON ISLAND AND REPORTS FROM NOAA AND AIR FORCE RECONNAISSANCE
AIRCRAFT INDICATE SUSTAINED HURRICANE FORCE WINDS ARE JUST OFFSHORE
I’m not certain how many years ago the National Hurricane Center started reporting Hurricanes in this format with the “hurricane force winds extend outward from the center ### miles” and “tropical force winds extend outward ### miles”, but I find that information useful as there is a significant correlation to size of the hurricane and the impact of the storm surge and geographic area that are affected. This is therefore extremely useful data, but it’s locked up in giant blobs of text that don’t allow it to be communicated effectively.
I’d like to therefore propose and suggest that the National Hurricane Center make the following modification the to Saffir-Simpson scale to the following new format:
Saffir-Simpson Scale number – hurricane force wind miles from center number – tropical storm force wind miles from center number
Hurricane Ike would have therefore been the following at landfall:
It is my opinion that this would be a much more useful as the overall radius of the hurricane force and tropical force wind fields would be communicated effectively and consistently instead of in inconsistent references. One could argue that you should use the circumference to make it more dramatic, but not all tropical cyclones are perfectly symmetric so I prefer usage of the existing communicated metric radius.
This humble blog post is clearly just the first of many conversations to openly discuss hurricane scale and metrics and creating this needed reform. The reform itself is more important than the exact final form of this reform prior to the start of the 2009 hurricane scale and metrics season. I look forward to seeing comments and other blog posts.
I look forward to someday having a clearer metric that can save more lives. Thank you for your participation in making this a reality!
6 thoughts on “Hurricane Ike Suggests Need to Modify Saffir-Simpson Scale Hurricane Measurement Metrics”
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That is an excellent idea. Most of the ways that hurricanes and other disasters are reported came about before mass media, the internet, etc and were put together in times when everyone would regularly read blocks of text. Sadly we are now in an age where we need everything in one sentence or in a short paragraph.
You should start a campaign, even if you just raise awareness and get a conversation going you will have done something worthwhile.
I like your idea about reformatting the pertinent text. As an avid hurricane watcher, I agree the need is there to present the stats in a more user friendly manner. Wind speed, orientation, time over the Gulf, and wind fields are vitally important pieces of information needed to gauge your risk for staying vs. leaving. And perhaps it’s time for a new numbering system – in light of the fact that some folks choose to stay because “it’s just a 2”.
I SAT THROUGH HURRICANE IKE IN 2008 IN A SMALL TOWN JUST ACROSS THE TEXAS BORDER IN LOUISIANA. VINTON LOUISIANA HAS ON OF THE HORSE RACE TRACKS, “DELTA DOWNS” IN VINTON, WE HAD SUSTAINED WINDS OF 94mph WITH GUSTS AT 105. IT BUSTED OUT ONE WINDOW IN THE LIVING ROOM AND WAS BOWING THE WALLS IN AND OUT AS THE WIND WOULD GUST. I LAST TRACK AT 62 FUNNEL CLOUDS WITHIN A ONE HOUR TIME PERIOD. HOWEVER, OUR HURRICANE EXPERTS IN LAKE CHARLES LOUISIANA SAID IT WAS ONLY A STRONG CAT 2 HURRICANE. THE PIONT IS WHEN THEY SAY GET OUT, “THEY MEAN GET OUT”!!!!
had this huge hunch that something is…
about to happen, and to your surprise, that intuition was eventually translated to reality? when you feel strongly about something without logical basis to it, that’s called intuition. it comes in three impressions: clairvoyance or “the third eye”, …
[…] Hurricane Ike killed 112 (per Wikipedia) in the United States in 2008, most due to the storm surge. At the time I wrote a blog post advocating an enhancement to the Saffir-Simpson Scale to improve the risk assessment and public communication tool. With Hurricane Sandy bearing down on […]